Does Tourism Affect the Economy of a Country?

Neelum Valley, Azad Kashmir

Tourism plays a great role in the development of a country and is positively related to the economic growth of a country. According to the research of world tourism organizations, about 698 million people traveled in the year 2000 to foreign countries by spending more than $478 billion. Combining the international tourism transportation receipts of passengers currently shows the amount of more than $575 billion. Tourism has become the world’s number one export earner including food, automotive, petroleum, and chemical. The tourism industry creates significant financial advantages to both host countries and home countries of tourists. Especially in the development of countries, one of the essential inspirations for a district to advance itself as a tourism industry goal is the normal monetary improvement. As with different effects, this huge monetary advancement brings along both positive and negative outcomes to a country.  Some impacts of tourism on the economy of a country are given below.

Foreign Exchange Earnings

An important role of tourism in the economy of a country is generating foreign exchange earnings. At least 38% of a country’s main source of foreign exchange earnings depends on tourism. Some nations try to quicken this development by expecting guests to acquire a specific measure of remote money for every day of their stay.

Contribution to government revenue 

Direct contributions are created by charges on earnings from the tourism industry work and the organizations, and by direct imposes on vacationers, for example, take off taxes. Indirect contributions originate from assessments and obligations required on products and ventures provided to tourists. The world tourism organization appraises that movement and tourisms immediate, aberrant, and individual tax contribution was over US$ 800 billion in 1998.  The figure was expected to be double in 2010 and triple in 2020. 

Generation of employment

The fast development of the country’s tourism industry has prompted a huge business creation. For example, the hotel settlement segment alone generates a large number of job vacancies. Tourism can produce occupations straightforwardly through cafés, clubs, restaurants, cabs, and trinket deals, and in a roundabout way through the flexibly of merchandise and enterprises required by the travel industry related businesses. Tourism support about 7% of workers in a country.  

Contribution to local economies 

As the climate is an essential component of the tourism industry, the travel industry incomes are frequently used to quantify the financial estimation of secured areas. Other nearby incomes that are not effectively evaluated, as not all vacationer uses are officially registered. Money is earned from the travel industry through casual work for example road sellers, casual aides, and cart drivers. The positive side of casual work is that the cash is come back to the neighborhood economy, and has an extraordinary multiplier impact as it is spent again and again.  

Among all of these factors peace, visa facilities, culture, security, developed infrastructure of a country, behavior of people, natural beautification, number of tourists, income level, education, the price level of different commodities, quarantine, the fare of hotels, etc. are the known factors of tourism that directly effects economy of a country positively and negatively. 

Quick facts about the economic impacts of tourism globally 

  • The tourism industry represents 5% of world GDP 
  • The tourism industry adds to 6-7% of all-out business
  • In more than 150 nations, the travel industry is one of five top fare workers 
  • The tourism industry is estimated at US$1trillion every year
  • The tourism industry represents 30 percent of the world’s fare of business administrations 
  • 1.4billion global travelers were recorded in 2018 by the united nation world tourism Organization (UNWTO) 
  • The tourism industry represents 6 percent of absolute fares

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